The South African Krugerrand Gold Coin
The world's most widely held and actively traded gold bullion coin. During the late 1960s and early 70s, when South Africa's annual gold mine output averaged 75% of total output in the western world, the promotion of gold was considered vital, following the final collapse of the Gold Standard in 1971.
The chosen vehicle to drive the demand was the krugerrand, which was developed in the 1960s by the Chamber of Mines of South Africa, working closely with the South African Reserve Bank and the South African Mint.
The Krugerrand was the world's first ounce-denominated gold coin. Although they are legal tender, they have never recorded a face value on their obverse or reverse sides. This was done to emphasise that the value of each coin is directly related to the prevailing value of their fine gold content. They were mass produced to enable the "man in the street" to purchase gold easily and with confidence.
The first 22k gold Krugerrand was minted on 3 July 1967. Since its inception more than 50 million Krugerrands in all sizes have been minted.